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News in Science (December 2020)

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Update on the latest major scientific papers and developments around the globe. Hereโ€™s what happened in science this month.
This is a monthly Wikipedia-based brief review for the most recent scientific knowledge. The video reviews November 2020.

All items in the video are featured in:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_in_science

Narrator:
David W. Draffin
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0:00 Intro

0:14 FRBs | ๐ƒ๐จ๐งโ€™๐ญ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐ž๐ญ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐›๐ฌ๐œ๐ซ๐ข๐›๐ž
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2863-y

1:05 *Radionuclides
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/abc251

2:11 *Water on Mars
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/370/6518/824

2:45 CRISPR-Cas9
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/47/eabc9450

3:57 *Modified Mediterranean diet
https://heart.bmj.com/content/early/2020/11/25/heartjnl-2020-317802

4:44 *Bioreactors
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-19823-5

5:17 Protein folding
https://deepmind.com/blog/article/alphafold-a-solution-to-a-50-year-old-grand-challenge-in-biology

6:15 Phosphine on Venus (update)
*Re-analysis of ALMA data (preprint)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.08176
*ALMA shutdown
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/11/potential-signs-life-venus-are-fading-astronomers-downgrade-their-original-claims

7:29 COVID-19 pandemic
*Cluster 5
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-11-north-denmark-lockdown-mutated-mink.html
Vaccine 1
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-54873105
Vaccine 2
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/world/moderna-vaccine-effective-covid-19-prevention-13569860
*Vaccine 3
https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-russia-vaccine-transp/rpt-exclusive-russia-focuses-on-freeze-dried-vaccine-doses-as-transport-fix-idUSL1N2I30ML
Vaccine 4
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-55040635
Virions (preprint)
https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.10.21.20216895v1
*Earlier start of pandemic
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0300891620974755
*Face masks
https://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/5.0029767

8:25 Short items

*Arthropods
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2883-7

*Missing baryon problem
https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/full_html/2020/11/aa38521-20/aa38521-20.html

*Bose-Einstein condensate
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/45/eabb9052

*Food system
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/370/6517/705

*Wow! signal (preprint)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.06090

*Biomining
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-19276-w

Volcanoes on Mars (preprint)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.05956

*Dolphins
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2020.604018/full

*Cocoa powder
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-76160-9

Solar neutrinos
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2934-0

Early Earth
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/48/eabd1387

11:33 Outro

Media used in the video:
https://pastebin.com/ZKqdycAr

Music by Scott Buckley

#Science #sciencenews #space #venusphosphine #health #breakthrough #research #discoveries #review #summary #overview #MonthlyReviews #MonthlySummaries #globalnews #scientificbreakthroughs #Wikipedia #December

ย _____________________

๐€๐๐๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐š๐ฅ ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ค๐ฌ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ง๐ž๐ฐ๐ฌ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐ฌ ๐จ๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ฎ๐๐ข๐ž๐ฌ & ๐š๐ง ๐ข๐ฆ๐š๐ ๐ž ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ๐ข๐จ๐ง:
https://redd.it/ki3puz

Items I added to that list (and often Wikipedia in general) are marked with a * above.
Studies not featured in the Wikipedia list are not considered for the summary. 6 items from the Wikipedia list were not included in the video (the link above lists those).
_____________________

The video is freely licensed under CC BY 4.0 and was created with the open source software Kdenlive. You can download it from: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Science_Summary_for_November_2020.webm

Anything major missing? Suggestions for improvements? Please let us know in the comments!

๐ˆ๐Ÿ ๐ฒ๐จ๐ฎ ๐ž๐ง๐ฃ๐จ๐ฒ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฏ๐ข๐๐ž๐จ ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž ๐ ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ข๐ญ ๐š ๐ญ๐ก๐ฎ๐ฆ๐›๐ฌ-๐ฎ๐ฉ

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